Under pressure from the Republican-controlled Pennsylvania legislature to require Medicaid recipients to work as a condition for coverage, state health officials have devised a gentler approach to getting beneficiaries into jobs.
Starting early next year, the Pennsylvania Medicaid agency under Democratic Gov. Tom Wolf will ask people when they enroll if they want job training assistance. It will then require its private Medicaid managed-care organizations to connect those who want help to local employment specialists and follow up to make sure they got it.
Teresa Miller, the state human services secretary, predicts the strategy will get better results than strict work requirements. The Trump administration has approved requiring work in nine states, with requests from nine others pending. Arkansas is the only state to implement the requirements, and more than 18,000 enrollees there lost coverage from June 2018 to March 2019 — with little sign many found jobs.
Since then, a federal judge struck down the work requirements in Arkansas, Kentucky and New Hampshire. The Trump administration and the states are appealing the decision. A handful of states are offering alternatives to get more enrollees into jobs to lift them out of poverty and off Medicaid, the federal-state health program for low-income residents.
In Montana, about 32,000 of the 95,000 adult enrollees who gained coverage when the state expanded Medicaid in 2016 have received employment services from the state, including 4,200 who received one-on-one employment training services.
In August, Louisiana began a pilot program to train Medicaid enrollees for jobs such as a nursing assistant, commercial driver and forklift operator. It expects 50 people to complete the training this year at a community college.
More states are expected to follow.